United Kingdom's birthday

Click on thepicture to go to the image source

On the above picture you can see the only image we have today of the Scottish Parliament in a working session. On October the 23rd 1707 the first Parliament of modern UK meets for the first time. Before that there were the Scottisth and English Parliaments which were independent from each other. But when both Parliaments signed  the Act of the Union The modern British parliament was born and the UK too.

Articles of Union 1707.jpg
"Articles of Union 1707" by Parliament of England
The story of how this Act was signed, is like a thriller, and in that thriller, the today well-known writer Daniel Defoe  had a main role to play, because he worked as a spy for the English Crown in Edimburgh.
Defoe had had a troublesome life, sentenced to pillory :
Image source
and jailed, he finally agreed to spy for England and so he was released from prison. Defoe main job as a secret agent was to do everything possible to help secure acquiescence in the Treaty.
"A Scots rabble is the worst of its kind", he reported after a violent demonstration against the Treaty.


A world at school

Click on the map to visit the website
Click on the above map and learn how many children can not go to school all over the world.
A world at school wants every child in school and they want it because "Every child has the right to go to school, without danger or discrimination."
Watch the video and click here if you want to sign the petition.

Click if you want to watch some more videos.
Or follow this link if you want to read some news.
Because nothing changes without pressure.


Friends and phrasal verbs

A Phrasal Verb is a phrase that consists of a verb with a preposition or adverb or both, the meaning of which is different from the meaning of its separate parts.Definition source:Cambridge dictionary online.
break down ( verb and adverb) or break in (verb and preposition) are examples of phrasal verbs.

Some Phrasal verbs can be transitive because they can take a direct object:

Some of them are separable, that means that you can separate the verb and the preposition but you must separate them when using a pronoun:
They pulled the house down and built a new one or they pulled down the house and built a new one.

They put the meeting off or they put off the meeting.
I paid you back.
You can see the direct objects above in bold face letters.

Some Phrasal verbs are intransitive, because they can never take a direct object so you can never separate them.
They got up early.
Now enjoy the video:


Words, words, words

"The limits of my language mean the limits of my world." 

Click on the above picture to go to the game

Macmillan English Dictionary is a great dictionary online with a website worth to be explored. Above you have the game about irregular verbs, take care because it can be quite addictive, as the one on phrasal verbs.

I am sure that you want to explore the Lexipedia, give it a try and have fun.

Click on the above picture and follow the link

The visual dictionary above is a fun way to learn new vocabulary although it is not the best option for beginners.

Youngest students will prefer the photographic dictionary. 

Click here to visit the dictionary with easy definitions that you can understand.


And the Nobel Peace Prize goes to ...

Congratulations to you both!!
Malala Yousafzi and Kailash Satyarthi were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.” 

Malala is a 17 year old well known education  activist, she is from Pakistan but lives in Birgmingham, UK. She is the youngest person to be awarded this Prize and has become a spokenperson for girls' right to education.

Kailash Satyarthi is Indian and a human rights activist, and he has dedicated a great effort to fight against child slavery,he has rescued more than 80,000 children from exploitative labour in the past three decades, and he has done it deffending a human right, never as a charitable cause. He believes that child labour is the cause of poverty and starvation, no the consequence:

“I was unable to digest the fact that some people were born to work, while fortunate ones like me were able to go to school and pursue our dreams,” Satyarthi said yesterday, wearing a brown kurta, a flowing shirt worn over pajamas.
“It is a myth poverty causes child labor and poverty, but it is a proven fact that child labor causes poverty, child labor perpetuates poverty and child labor perpetuates illiteracy.”  source

 Click if you want to know more about him.

Did you know..? Check some facts about the Nobel Prize.


Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs usually consist of two words: verb and adverb or preposition, they are widely used in spoken English, so you should start using them, the web can help you (this is the good news!) here you have some webs to explore:
British Council web: Explanation and exercises.
Separable phrasal verbs.
Dave's ESL cafe: with definitions and examples.
Macmillan dictionary has got a game.
Matching game (easy!).
Phrasal verbs: ESL Quiz.


Surfing for fun

Watch the news on Channel 1
or learn about celebrities gossip and news clicking here.
If you are interested in science, this is your website.
And explore this one to know about sports in the USA.
Just for fun.